Commercial Banks

Two years ago, on July 21, 2010, President Obama signed into law a package of financial regulatory reforms unparalleled in scope and depth since the New Deal. The Dodd-Frank Act was intended to restructure the regulatory framework for the US financial system, with broad and deep implications for the financial services industry where the crisis started. But its impact also was intended to be felt well beyond the financial sector, extending federal regulation into areas of corporate governance applicable to all US public companies.

Few provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act took effect in the summer of 2010. Instead, the specifics of the Act were intended to be developed through the federal rulemaking process, as the Act mandated the development and implementation of nearly 400 separate regulations to be enacted by, or coordinated among, nearly a dozen federal departments or agencies. To date, the deadlines for more than half of the required rulemakings have expired. But even with these delays, the last two years have witnessed the promulgation of more than 100 rules and the issuance of many additional proposed regulations for public comment. This Report discusses the many strides that have been made pursuant to the Act to date and forecasts what is yet to come.

Click here for a PDF of the full report.

On June 7, 2012 the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Fed), and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the Agencies) released three notices of proposed rulemaking (NPRs) that suggest comprehensive revisions to the Agencies’ regulatory capital framework to incorporate the international Basel III standards and Basel capital framework as well as implement certain relevant provisions of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank Act).  To make it easier to understand the Agencies’ objectives, the overall proposal is divided into three separate NPRs: (1) Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Minimum Regulatory Capital Ratios, Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, and Prompt Corrective Action (Basel III NPR); (2) Regulatory Capital Rules: Standardized Approach for Risk-Weighted Assets; Market Discipline and Disclosure Requirements (Standardized Approach NPR); and (3) Regulatory Capital Rules: Advanced Approaches Risk-based Capital Rule; Market Risk Capital Rule (Advanced Approaches and Market Risk NPR).  Each NPR is summarized below. [click to continue…]

On June 7, 2012 the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Fed), and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the Agencies) released revisions to their market risk capital rules in a final rule titled Risk-Based Capital Guidelines: Market Risk.  The rule, which implements certain revisions made by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) to its market risk framework between 2005 and 2010, requires large banking organizations to adjust their capital requirements to better capture the market risk in their trading activities.  Consistent with certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, the final rule does not include aspects of the BCBS’s market risk framework that rely on credit ratings and instead includes alternative standards for calculating standardized specific capital requirements for debt and securitization positions.  The rule applies to banks with aggregate trading assets and trading liabilities equal to at least 10 percent of total assets or at least $1 billion dollars. [click to continue…]

Derrick D. Cephas, the head of Weil’s Financial Institutions Regulatory practice, published an interesting article with Bank Director magazine detailing how banks can approach new industry regulations in a constructive manner and how the new rules have changed the regulatory landscape.

Full-Text Article from Bank Director Magazine

Weil’s Marcia L. Goldstein, Heath P. Tarbert, and Kathlene M. Burke authored a column for The New York Law Journal discussing the recently finalized implementing rule in connection with resolution plans, or “living wills,” concluding that the regulations still leave a substantial degree of uncertainty as to what exactly it will take to ensure a plan is “credible.”

Access Full-Text Article from The New York Law Journal (may require subscription)